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詞彙表

  • Abnormal heart valves (心瓣不正常)

    心瓣未能正常開合,以致阻礙血液流通導致血液逆流

    U.S. National Library of Medicine.National Institutes of Health. Available at: www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/heartvalvediseases.html. Accessed in February 2017.
     
  • Aldosterone blockers (醛固酮阻滯劑)

    一種利尿劑,增加心臟泵血能力,適合關注血壓的人士使用

    American Heart Association. Aldosterone receptor blockers. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=aldosterone%20receptor%20blockers. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • American Diabetes Association (美國糖尿病協會)

    由數十萬名糖尿病患者、家屬、照顧者及專業人士組成,致力推動糖尿病健康教育、研究及相關服務

    American Diabetes Association. Who We Are. Available at: www.diabetes.org/about-us/who-we-are/?loc=superfooter. Accessed in February 2017.

    American Diabetes Association. American Diabetes Association and JDRFReport on Symposium that Examined Links Between Diabetes and Intestinal Microbes.  Available at: www.diabetes.org/newsroom/press-releases/2015/ada-jdrf-report-on-symposium-that-examined-links-between-diabetes-and-intestinal-microbes.html. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • American Heart Association (美國心臟協會)

    以對抗心臟病及中風為宗旨的美國志願團體組織,工作範圍包括資助相關研究,推動公共衛生政策及推廣健康教育

    American Heart Association. About the American Heart Association. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/General/About-Us---American-Heart-Association_UCM_305422_SubHomePage.jsp. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Amputation (截肢)

    以外科手術截除整個或部份肢體,在病人而言則是失去身體的一個主要部份

    Hospital Authority. Coordinating Committee in Orthopedics & Traumatology. Available at: www.ekg.org.hk/pilic/public/O&T_PILIC/O&T_BelowAboveKneeAmputation_0088_chi.pdf. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Anemia (貧血)

    身體沒有足夠的健康紅血球運送氧氣予身體各組織,令人感到疲倦乏力

    Mayo Clinic. Anemia. Available at: www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anemia/basics/definition/con-20026209. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Angina (心絞痛)

    因心臟肌肉沒有得到足夠的血液供應,所產生的胸部不適或痛楚

    American Heart Association. Angina. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=angina. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers / Angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARB) (血管緊張素II受體抗結劑 / 血管緊張素II型受體阻滯劑 / 血管緊張素受體阻滯劑)

    干擾血管緊張素的工作,適合關注血壓的人士使用

    American Heart Association. Angiotensin II receptor blockers. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=angiotensin%20II%20receptor%20blockers. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, ACEI (血管緊張素轉化酶抑制劑 / 血管收縮素抑制劑)

    透過阻止身體製造血管緊張素,放鬆血管,適合關注血壓的人士使用

    American Heart Association. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=angiotensin%20converting%20enzyme%20inhibitors. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Anti-platelet (血小板抗集結劑)

    可防止血小板黏合以形成血塊

    American Heart Association. Antiplatelet agents. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=antiplatelet%20agents. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Anti-coagulant (抗凝劑)

    俗稱薄血藥,是減低血液凝結能力的藥物

    American Heart Association. Cardiac Medications. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/PreventionTreatmentofHeartAttack/Cardiac-Medications_UCM_303937_Article.jsp#.Vi4b3NIrKUk. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Arrhythmia / Cardiac arrhythmia (心律不整)

    因電流脈衝異常令心跳過快、過慢或不規則,令心臟未能有效泵出血液,使身體器官不能正常運作或停止運作

    American Heart Association. About Arrhythmia. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/AboutArrhythmia/About-Arrhythmia_UCM_002010_Article.jsp#.Vi4ectIrKUk. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Arteriosclerosis (動脈硬化)

    動脈血管壁因種種原因變厚及失去彈性

    American Heart Association. Arteriosclerosis. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=arteriosclerosis. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Aspirin (阿士匹靈)

    有助避免血塊形成,或有助預防心臟病發或中風復發

    American Heart Association. Aspirin and heart disease. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=aspirin%20and%20heart%20disease.  Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Atherosclerosis (動脈粥樣硬化)

    動脈血管內壁積聚了由脂肪、膽固醇及其他物質組成的斑塊而變厚,造成動脈收窄,血流減少

    American Heart Association. Atherosclerosis. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=atherosclerosis. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Atorvastatin (阿托伐他汀)

    適合關注血脂/膽固醇的人士服用,屬他汀類別藥物

    American Heart Association. Cardiac Medications. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/PreventionTreatmentofHeartAttack/Cardiac-Medications_UCM_303937_Article.jsp#.Vi4gH9IrKUk. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • Atrial fibrillation (心房顫動)

    心臟的心房顫動過急,令心房無法有規律地跳動及輸出血液到心室,屬於心律不正的疾病

    American Heart Association. Atrial fibrillation. Available at: www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Encyclopedia/Heart-Encyclopedia_UCM_445084_Encyclopedia.jsp?levelSelected=1&title=atrial%20fibrillation. Accessed in February 2017.

     
  • α-glucosidase inhibitor (葡萄糖甘酶抑制劑)

    可抑制小腸分解澱粉質及減慢糖份分解,適合關注血糖的人士服用

    American Diabetes Association. What Are My Options? Available at: www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/medication/oral-medications/what-are-my-options.html. Accessed in February 2017.